Bridging Europe – Baroque night
About the program
The audience at the first historical concert will be treated to a mixed programme: the composer of every work to be performed was born in the 17th century. The careers of most of them also date back to that century, with only a few having composed on into the early 18th century. What they have in common is that they all created the major part of their oeuvre in various courts of the Habsburg Empire. This period saw much of the exchange between the musical centres, royal and aristocratic courts in Europe take the shape of composers and virtuosos – which is how they received various cultural inputs. Career opportunities presented themselves as positions at courts or in churches. Many of the composers knew each other either personally or through correspondence, or there was some form of connection between their works. The most famous and influential composers were arguably Biber, Muffat, and Fux, but the works which will be performed by the other, minor masters, provide a good impression of the exceptionally high quality, rich, and varied genres of the period.
Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber (1644–1704), a Czech-Austrian composer and violin virtuoso, composer of the Rosary (Mystery) Sonatas – the first known work for unaccompanied violin – is one of the most important figures of violin literature, a composer known and imitated across Europe during his age. He served for decades at the Archbishop of Salzburg’s court.
The French Georg Muffat (1653–1704), who was also of Scottish descent, studied in Paris, where his teacher is assumed to have been Lully. He visited Prague and Salzburg, studied under Corelli, and later worked as an organist and composer in cities including Ingolstadt and Vienna. He was in the employment of the bishop of Passau from 1690 until his death.
Johann Joseph Fux (approx. 1660–1741) was a well-known composer and music theorist of his age. During his youth he studied in Graz and Ingolstadt, and became the organist of the Schottenstift in Vienna in 1696. He remained in this position until 1702, when he was appointed as court composer to the Emperor. He became assistant conductor of the Viennese court orchestra in 1712, and principal conductor in 1715. (This was one of the most important musical positions in Europe.) As a teacher of composition, Fux had such famous pupils as Georg Friedrich Wagenseil, Gottlieb Muffat (Georg Muffat’s son) and Jan Dismas Zelenka.
3 400 HUF / 4 200 HUF / 6 000 HUF
Heinrich Ignaz Franz Biber: Sonata I a otto (Sonatae tam aris quam aulis servientes)
Georg Muffat: Fasciculus II, „Sperantis Gaudia” (Florilegium Primum)
Charles Mouton: Concerto sesto
Benedict Anton Aufschnaiter: Sonata S. Augustini (Dulcis Fidium Harmonia, Op. 4)
Pavel Josef Vejvanovský: Sonata campanarum
Antonio Bononcini: „Vorrei pupille belle” (Cantate in Soprano con Violini)
Johann Joseph Fux: Partita ex C, K 331
Romanus Weichlein: Encaenia Musices, Op. 1
artistic director and leader
Marelize Gerber, soprano
Maria Mühlbacher, dance
Sigrid T’Hooft, baroque gesture