Bach, Beethoven, Brahms
About the program
J. S. BACH: BRANDENBURG CONCERTO NO. 4
Six Concerts avec plusieurs instruments (Six Concertos for Various Instruments) was the title given by Bach to his series of concertos sent in March 1721 to Monseigneur Cr?tien Louis, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt. Bach, concert-master in the Köthen court, created this series from his finished sheet music with the hope that this would curry favour with the Margrave for him, and help him obtain a position more befitting his talent and ambition. The six concertos were written for a very varied set of instruments; the works have different characters, and the solo instruments used also differ in each concerto. The violin solo in the Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G-major in three movements was accompanied by two solo recorders.
BEETHOVEN: PIANO CONCERTO NO 1 (C-MAJOR)
Although the numbering of the Piano Concerto in C-major places it as the first of the piano concertos, based on its date it was by no means the composer’s first creation written in this genre. However, he was still polishing the second when the first piano concerto was already published and performed: the concerto in C-major premiered in April 1800 in the Burgtheater in Vienna.
BRAHMS: SYMPHONY NO 4
“A pair of Entr’actes are to hand – such as together one commonly calls a symphony… I can’t stop thinking of the pleasure of starting the rehearsals with you. I don’t know whether a wider public will get to hear it. I fear it has the taste of the climate here – where the cherries never become sweet enough to eat!” – Brahms wrote to his friend Hans von Bülow about his fourth symphony he was preparing. The fears transpiring from the composer’s words, caused by the sombre notes of the piece, proved to be unfounded. Bülow’s famous orchestra from Meiningen performed the Symphony in E-minor in 1885 with great success, the last of the composer’s works in this genre.