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Johan Wagenaar (1862–1941) was a Dutch composer and organist. The illegitimate child of an aristocratic father and a commoner, he was given his mother’s surname. Though the parents never married, his father supported him and took care to have him educated. Though his talent was recognized early on, he started his formal studies in music only at the age of thirteen, under the tutelage of composer Richard Hol and organist Samuel de Lange. From 1892, he took classes in Berlin from a friend of Brahms, Heinrich von Herzogenberg. In 1888 he was appointed as the organist of the Utrecht Cathedral, where his virtuosic performance soon earned him considerable fame.

He taught at the city’s music school, and became its director in 1896. He was director of the Royal Conservatory at the Hague between 1919–1937. Wagenaar composed in a variety of genres, including operas, cantatas, organ and orchestral compositions. Berlioz was a minor, Richard Strauss a major source of influence on his style.